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Home Journal Index 2022-3

The Relevance of Nation's "Four Strands Model" to Online Teaching

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Thomas N. Robb
Kyoto Sangyo University, Japan


Abstract
This paper applies Paul Nation’s “Four Strands Model” to online teaching. It looks at the three strands that comprise “practice”, as opposed to the one strand termed “language-focused learning” and discusses a variety of activities for each skill that are workable for online classes but nevertheless, allow the instructor to track whether the students have actually done their assigned work. Suggestions are made for how teachers can keep a record of, and assess, the students’ work.


Keywords
Online practice, active learning, balanced practice, meaning-based activities, assessment